If a case is reported in volume 2 or 3, it means that it is of particular importance and that it will be redone in the legal reports (read on to learn more about this). So if you see a quote that looks like this  2 WLR 123 or this  3 WLR 456, you should check to see if the case appeared in The Law Reports, the most authoritative reporting series in the UK. You can use a case quote to easily retrieve cases online. Here are some databases you can use to retrieve cases using a case citation: The series was published in 1953 to provide frequent (weekly) coverage of all major cases decided in England and Wales. See page 20 of the OSCOLA Guide for more information on citing older cases and cases from other parts of the UK. Only cases from 2001 onwards will have neutral citations. Google Scholar: Select the “Jurisdiction” button, then enter the empty citation (e.g., 347 U.S. 483) in the search box. LexisLibrary is an online subscription database. It includes background case information and citations, as well as full-text reports and transcripts where appropriate. Use the ICLR “Law Reports” series (AC, KB, QB, Ch, Fam) if the case is reported there. Use [brackets] around the year in your citation if the year is needed to identify the volume – that is, if you were to remove the year from the citation, you wouldn`t be able to find it.
These have also been published by the Incorporated Council of Law Reporting since 1953, and although they are not cases decided this week, as the name suggests, they are produced much faster than Law Reports. The requirement for timeliness means that these reports do not contain the lawyers` arguments and do not enjoy the benefit of judicial correction before printing. There are four volumes of reported cases, the last two containing the cases that will also appear in the legal reports. Legal reports published by ICLR are available in print and online formats. The Incorporated Council of Law Reporting for England and Wales (ICLR) has reported on the major decisions of the Supreme Courts since its inception in 1865. Over the years, the titles under which these reports were organized have changed. This guide aims to provide an overview of all the different series published by ICLR at different times, as well as the abbreviations used as publication references in citations. For more information about abbreviations in neutral quotation marks, see bailii. In the above quote, United States Reports has been abbreviated to “U.S.” Each journalist has their own standardized abbreviation. To interpret the journalist`s abbreviation, consult the following tables, seek help from a librarian, or consult one of these three sources found in our reference and reserve collections: When a judgment is published in the Official Law Reports (AC, QB, Ch, Fam) of the Incorporated Council of Law Reporting for England and Wales, This report should be cited.
It is the reports that are the most authoritative; They contain a summary of the argument. Other sets of official reports and minutes can only be used if a case is not mentioned in the official legal reports. *NB The year of judgment (YYYY) is optional and not part of the citation, so it is often omitted. (In the United States, it is usually placed after and not before the other elements.) Most academic libraries will retain printed copies of The Law Reports and The Weekly Law Reports. In the UK, ICLR legal reports are available online from the following providers: There is no formal legal report of any kind in England and Wales, but the Law Reports series published by the Incorporated Council of Law Reporting (www.lawreports.co.uk) is considered the most authoritative – it contains the arguments of lawyers and is reviewed by both the lawyer and the judge. If a case is reported in this series, it should be preferred over any other report. Let`s start with ICLR`s core report series, The Weekly Law Reports. Practice: Citation of Authorities 2012 states that if a case is reported in official legal reports, “that report must be cited.
It is the reports that are the most authoritative; They contain a summary of the argument. Other sets of official reports and minutes of judgements may only be used if a case is not included in the official legal reports. He goes on to say that if the judgment is not reported in the official legal reports, the All England Law Reports or the Weekly Law Reports should be cited. Parallel quote: A quote about the same case printed in two or more different journalists. Neither the WWR (Western Weekly Reports) citation nor the DLR (Dominion Law Reports) citation indicate jurisdiction or court, so both should be added. In the schedules, the Saskatchewan Court of Queen`s Bench is abbreviated as Sask QB. Note: If there is no neutral quote, place the court abbreviation in parentheses at the end of the quote. This quote indicates that the matter is found in Volume 35 of the second series of Ontario Reports, at page 423. The date is not necessary to find the case – there is only one volume 35 in the second series of Ontario Reports. Volumes are not published by year.
We added the year to the previous step (in parentheses) to simply indicate the year of the case. The Law Reports Indexes cover the official series of CLOUT and other important series from 1951 onwards. A summons to a case should always indicate both the jurisdiction and the level of the court. Neutral citations support this requirement, but for cases without a neutral citation, you must determine whether this information should be added to the end of the citation. Before you add it, look at the names of the journalists you mentioned. If the court or tribunal is clear from their titles, there is no need to repeat this information at the end of the citation. A neutral citation, e.g. EWCA Civ, is a citation attributed to cases since 2001 in: A citation usually has three or four parts after the name of the case, for example:  3 All ER 312. This is broken down into: A pinpoint is a reference to a specific paragraph or page number. All judgments with neutral quotes have numbered paragraphs. If you are quoting a judgment, indicate the paragraphs quoted in square brackets at the end of the quotation, as shown in the  bracketed at the end of the quotation in R v G (below).
If you are quoting more than one paragraph, separate them with commas, such as , . If you are quoting several paragraphs in a row, combine them with a hyphen or hyphen, such as -. A neutral quote characterizes a judgment; It is perhaps most easily understood as a judgment figure, even if it looks like a quote for a legislative report. The term “neutral” is used to indicate that it is independent of a published report (“media neutral”). Neutral citations were first published by the House of Lords, the Privy Council, the Court of Appeal and the Administrative Court in 2001 and by all other divisions of the High Court in 2002. Courts and commissions also issue neutral citations. Neutral quotes can be found by checking the case on Lexis, Westlaw, Practical Law or BAILII. Enter the incident registration number in Latin, then italicize the case name, without priority. Provide citation of the report in the same form as for UK cases. The case number can be checked in any commercial database or in EUR-lex and consists of the judicial code, a mobile number and the year. Citations should follow: All series are published in consecutive volumes.
(year) is optional and is not part of the official citation. LR (which sometimes appears as Law Rep. or L.Rep.) is an essential part of the citation. Most of the Bodleian Law Library`s British paper collection is located on the ground floor of the library. Legal reports are at Cw UK 100 and reviews at Cw UK 300. British legal monographs are catalogued with different class characters, making it easy to search, this section starts at K to KZ before the main series of legal reports and journals. The legislation on paper can be found on floor 1. All series are published in successive volumes. (year) is optional and is not part of the official citation. Legal reporting was regulated in the late nineteenth century.
Prior to 1865, lawyers attended hearings and wrote and published case reports, often under their own names. These reports are commonly referred to as “appointment reports”. The dissemination of these reports and uncertainty as to what constituted the authoritative report of the judgment led to the creation of the Incorporated Council of Law Reporting (ICLR), which publishes the official legal reports. Many older reports have been collected and published in 172 volumes under the name English Reports. In Example 2, the two citations 35 CO (2d) 423 (main note) and  OJ No. 3144 (parallel citation).