Our law offered them only a precarious and uncomfortable niche under the common heading of the vicinage cause. Aedanus Burke (A-SC) proposed replacing “vicinage” with “district or county where the crime was committed”.  Richard Henry Lee (A-VA) argued that “vicinage” is preferable, “it is a term well understood by any gentleman with legal knowledge.”  Representative Burke`s amendment was rejected.  As amended by the Elferschuss, this wording was adopted in plenary.  The Tripartite Committee, charged with transforming amendments to the constitutional body into a separate Bill of Rights, changed the wording of Article X and deleted the language on crimes not committed in a state.  The idea of a pomoire as “vicinage and” a city seems to be something quite new and original. Prior to the adoption of the Federal Constitution, only two state constitutions provided for an explicit right of residence.  The Virginia Constitution of 1776 stated: “In all capital or criminal proceedings, a man has the right to. an impartial jury of twelve men of his vicinage.  The Pennsylvania Constitution of 1776 read the same way, but said “county” instead of “vicinage”; It was changed in 1790 to mean “vicinage”.  Virginia ratified the Constitution on the condition that a Bill of Rights, including the right to a “trial by an impartial jury of his vice-legal age,” should be added by amendment.  North Carolina accepted the same reservation as Virginia, but refused to ratify the Constitution in its absence.  New York and Rhode Island ratified the Constitution with the same reservations as Virginia (but in the case of Rhode Island, the Sixth Amendment had already been sent to the states for ratification). Massachusetts` ratification reservations did not include a right of vicina; a reservation involving a vicinage right was considered and rejected in Pennsylvania.  I should have assumed that it was a narrower locality and that it would apply to a city or place – a vicinage. That the whips of the vicinage indulge in their inclinations is the commandment of their nature. The Oxford English Dictionary defines “vicinage” as “a number of places in close proximity to one another; an area extending over a limited distance around a specified place; a neighborhood.  The OED quotes Thomas Fuller`s Church History (1655): “King Ethelred. The investigation of the causes began by a jury of twelve men chosen from among the viceroyalty.  According to Blackstone, “jury tricking” in medieval England referred to a jury in the respective county.  In Coleman`s appeal (1874), the Pennsylvania Supreme Court held that “a man can only be held liable for civil injustice before the jurisdiction of his domicile and the court of his vicinage.”  “Vicinage”. Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/vicinage. Retrieved 11 October 2022. The members of the Senate Committee opposed the constitutionalization of the vicinage requirement, considering that the provisions (already discussed) of the first judicial act relating to vicinage were sufficient.  A second letter from Madison to Pendleton reports that senators The Vicinage Clause has its roots in medieval English criminal procedures, the perceived abuses of criminal life and location during the colonial period (when treason trials took place in England rather than in the colony where the crime allegedly took place), and anti-federalist objections to the U.S. Constitution. The clause is one of the few constitutional provisions of criminal procedure that was not included for state court proceedings, the other is the grand jury Fifth Amendment clause. The omission of a vestibule right in the United States Constitution was one of the objections of anti-federalists to the ratification of the Constitution.  James Madison explained the absence of a vicinage clause in the Virginia Convention on Ratification as follows: After several days of wolf travel, he saw signs of vicinage on the part of the Shoshone Indians.