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Chemical terrorism definition

A toxic or substantial chemical is defined as a chemical weapon unless it has been developed, manufactured, stockpiled or used for purposes not prohibited by the Convention. A blood chemical is a toxic compound that affects the body by being absorbed into the blood. These are fast-acting and very deadly toxins, which are usually volatile colorless gases with a weak odor. They are usually based on arsenic or cyanide. What is terrorism? What is a mass accident? Precursors are chemicals used to produce toxic chemicals. To help law enforcement officers identify triggers and indicators of potential criminal activity related to access to and trafficking in biological and chemical materials via the Darknet, INTERPOL`s Operational Manual on The Investigation of Biological and Chemical Terrorism on the Darknet was developed by a team of experts within the CBRNE and cyber communities. CNN reported that during the Iraq war, al-Qaeda launched a chlorine gas bombing campaign in Iraq from October 21, 2006 to June 2007, and that U.S. and Iraqi forces managed to destroy much of al-Qaeda within the Iraqi Chemical Weapons Organization. [9] Toxic chemicals are defined as “any chemical that, by its chemical effect on life processes, can cause death, temporary incapacity for work, or permanent harm to humans or animals.” According to the CWC, the definition of a chemical weapon includes all toxic chemicals and their precursors, unless they are used for purposes authorized by the Convention – in quantities consistent with such a purpose. Weapons belonging to the second category of antique chemical weapons must be destroyed under the same conditions as other chemical weapons, although the time frame and order of destruction may be modified subject to the approval of the Executive Council.

Any chemical intended for chemical weapons, whether specifically listed or in its Annexes (including the three chemical lists), is considered a chemical weapon. Chemical terrorism: terrorism by chemical means. These chemical agents are toxic gases, liquids or solids that have toxic effects on humans, animals or plants. Most chemical agents are capable of causing serious injury or death. The severity of injuries depends on the type and amount of chemical used and the duration of exposure. In addition to our various activities, INTERPOL`s Bioterrorism Prevention Unit prepares numerous documents and contributes to the drafting, including guidelines, training videos and standard operating procedures. Ancient chemical weapons fall into two categories: chemical weapons manufactured before 1925 and chemical weapons produced between 1925 and 1946, “which have deteriorated to such an extent that they can no longer be used as chemical weapons.” Al Qaeda`s interest in chemical weapons was revealed after the success of Operation Viking Hammer during the 2003 invasion of Iraq. U.S. intelligence officials inspected the alleged chemical weapons site in Sargat and found traces of ricin and potassium chloride. They also discovered combinations of chemical weapons, antidotes to atropine nerve gas, and chemical weapons manufacturing manuals, which gave credence to the idea that the site is linked to the production of chemical weapons and poisons. [8] This includes all of these chemicals, regardless of their origin or method of production, and whether they are produced in facilities, ammunition or elsewhere. Abandoned chemical weapons are chemical weapons, including old chemical weapons, left by a State on the territory of another State after 1 January 1925, without its consent.

The general criterion still applies to the extent that chemicals considered effective for the CNS meet the definition of toxic chemicals. Weapons of mass destruction include biological, chemical or nuclear weapons that can result in mass losses. Mnemonic CBRNE helps memory weapons of mass destruction: Al Qaeda began researching and testing chemical weapons in Afghanistan in 1997, testing for phosgene, chlorine and hydrogen cyanide. [7] Health professionals must be able to respond to a terrorist act. This requires training and working knowledge of potential biological and chemical agents that can be used and the treatment options available to combat side effects. A chemical weapon is a chemical that is used to cause intentional death or damage through its toxic properties. Ammunition, apparatus and other equipment specially designed to arm toxic chemicals also fall within the definition of chemical weapons. According to a 2000 statement by CIA Director George Tenet, Hamas sought to engage in chemical terrorism. [5] There have been reports of Hamas members planning and preparing chemical attacks. In one case, nails and bolts wrapped in explosives detonated by a Hamas suicide bomber during a December 2001 attack on Ben Yehuda Street in Jerusalem were soaked in rat poison. In another case, Hamas militant Abbas al-Sayyid received a large amount of cyanide that he wanted to insert into the explosive belts worn by the suicide bombers. [5] Toxins fall under the jurisdiction of the CWC because they are chemicals that can use chemical weapons and fall under the definitions of chemical weapons and toxic chemicals listed above.

A common idea of a chemical weapon (CW) is a toxic chemical contained in a delivery system such as a bomb or artillery grenade. While technically correct, a definition based on this conception would cover only a small portion of the range of things that the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) prohibits as “chemical weapons.” The Chemical Weapons Convention does not explicitly state what the “objectives of chemical weapons” are. Rather, it defines objectives that are not prohibited by the Convention. On the morning of March 20, 1995, the Tokyo Subway was hit by synchronized chemical attacks on five trains. [6] Using simple lunch box-sized dispensers to release a mixture containing the military nerve agent sarin, members of the Aum Shinrikyo religious sect killed twelve people and injured about 5,000 others. The incident was unusual because the sect was using nerve gas it had produced in its own facilities; However, the attackers used sophisticated means to disperse these inferior means and achieved less impressive results in attacks on the transport systems of Madrid and London in 2004 and 2005 than those obtained with ordinary explosives. Under the Chemical Weapons Convention, the production, stockpiling and use of chemical weapons is prohibited worldwide. In any case, there are large stockpiles of chemical weapons, usually justified by a precaution against an aggressor.

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